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光伏消防安全体系建设迫在眉睫_发电

发表日期:2019-10-03 文章来源:海宏盛鼎可燃气体

YUANBIAOTI:GUANGFUXIAOFANGANQUANTIXIJIANSHEPOZAIMEIJIE

光伏技术推动着安装成本越来越低,到2019年底,中国预计将建成220GW光伏发电装置,华夏棋牌不只是地面光伏电站,分布式光伏电站,还有越来越多的户用、工商业屋顶也将安装太阳能电池板。

DANGGUANGFUFADIANYIJINGBUZAISHIYAOBUKEJIDEGAOKEJICHANPIN,YEBUZAISHIXIANGXIANGZHONGDENENGYUAN,YUELAIYUEDUODERENKAISHIJINJULIJIECHUGUANGFUCHANPIN,YONGYOU、GUANLI、YUNYING,HUOSHIZAIGUANGFUDIANZHANGONGZUO,ZUICIDE,GEBILAOWANGJIAKENENGZHUANGLEGUANGFUXITONG。ZHEIQUESHILINGRENZHENFEN,YINWEIWOMENXUYAOGENGDUODELVSENENGYUAN。

华夏棋牌DANSHI,NIKEZHIDAOZHEIZHONGXINXINGDEFADIANXINGSHIDUIYUXIAOFANGANQUANSHIYIGEYANJUNDEKAOYAN,DUIYUXIAOFANGYUAN(HUOSHIJIANYIYONGWEIDEMIEHUOZHE)LAISHUOGENGSHIWENSUOWEIWENDETIAOZHANMA?

XINGYEZHUANJIAPUBIANRENWEI:GUANGFUDIANZHANDEXIAOFANGANQUANHUOXUHETAMENPINGSHISHOUDAODEXUNLIANWANQUANBUTONG,BIXUYIBUTONGDEFANGSHIDUIDAIDAIYOUGUANGFUXITONGDEJIANZHUHUODIANZHAN。

1.

GUANGFUXIAOFANGANQUANBURONGHUSHI

华夏棋牌ZIGUANGFUXITONGCHUXIANYILAI,GUANGFUXIANGGUANDEHUOZAIJIUJIEERLIANSAN。KANSHANGQUDOUSHIBOLI、JINSHUBIANKUANGDEGUANGFUXITONG,QISHICUNZAIZHEGEZHONGANQUANYINHUAN。

a.光伏系统的材料

MAOSIDOUSHIJINSHUBUJIAN、BOLIDENGWUJIWU,DANSHISHISHANGGUANGFUFADIANDEGUANJIANBUJIAN - ZUJIAN(DIANCHIBAN),CHUANTONGDEDANBOZUJIANZHIYOUClass-CDEXIAOFANGDENGJI。GUANGFUCHANPINZHONGKEYIRANSHAODECAILIAOBAOKUOZUJIANFENGZHUANGCAILIAO、BEIBAN、JIEXIANHE、GUIJIAO、DIANCHIPIAN、DAODIANJIAO、DIANLANJUEYUANCENG、DIANQIXIANGHENIBIANQIZHONGDEGEZHONGYUANQIJIAN、XIANLANDENG。ZAIQIHUOSHI,ZHEIXIECAILIAODOUSHIKERANWU。

b. 光伏所有的部件都是电气系统的一部分

ZHIYAOSHIDIANQIXITONG,JIUYOUYINWEIDIANLIUERQIHUODEFENGXIAN。SUIZHEGUANGFUJISHUDEJINBU,GUANGFUCHANPINDEGONGLVDENGJIHEDIANLIUDIANYABUDUANTIGAO,GUANGFUXITONGCONGZUICHUDE600VSHEJITIGAOZHI1000V,XIANZAIYOUZAIXIANG1500VZHUANXING,GENGGAODEDIANYAGENGRONGYIDAOZHIQIHUO;GAOXIAODIANCHIDECHUXIAN,RANGDIANCHIPIANCHANSHENGDEDIANLIUGENGGAO,JINGGUOHUILIUDENGCUOSHI,GENGGAODEDIANLIUHUIDAOZHIXITONGWENDUSHANGSHENG,DAOZHIQIHUO;ANZHUANGDEPUJIDAOZHIZUJIANYUNXINGFADIANDEHUANJINGBUSHOUKONG,YINWEIYINYINGHUODIANCHIZHILIANGWENTIDAILAIDEREBANXIAOYING,HUOSHIHUANJINGBENSHENQIHUOERDAOZHIQIHUO;DIANZHANSHEJIANZHUANGDEBUGUIFAN,RUWEIZUOHAOYOUXIAOJIEDI、SHIYONGBUHEGECHANPINDENGDAOZHIDEQIHUODENG。

2.

华夏棋牌GUANGFUXIAOFANGYUPUTONGXIAOFANGBUYIYANG

最大的不同:带电

华夏棋牌GUANGFUDIANZHANZHEHUOYUPUTONGDEGONGCHANGHUOMINYONGJIANZHU、PUTONGDIANZHAN、HUOCANGKUDENGQITAHUOZAIZUIDADEBUTONGZHIYIZAIYUQIANZHEYIZHICHUYUDAIDIANZHUANGTAI。

华夏棋牌PUTONGDEFANGWUSHIHUOSHIKEYIHENFANGBIANDIZUOHAODUANDIANDENGDIANQIGELI,JIBIANSHIDIANZHANQIHUO,ZHIYAOBAFADIANJIZUTINGDIAOJIUKEYI。ERGUANGFUDIANZHANZHEHUOSHI,DIANZHANBENSHENYIZHICHUYUFADIANZHUANGTAI,ZHIYAOYOUYANGGUANGZHAOSHE,WULUNSHIFOUYUWAIBUDIANLUGEJUE,ZHENGGEXITONGYIJIUSHIDAIDIANDE,ERDAIDIANYOUHUIZHUZHANGHUOSHI,BINGDUIXIANCHANGRENYUANRUXIAOFANGYUANCHANSHENGWEIXIE。

视频解释:破损的光伏组件依然带电

华夏棋牌SUOYI,WOMENJINGCHANGKANDAODEWUDINGGUANGFUDIANZHANMIEHUOQINGJINGSHI:XIAOFANGYUANYUANYUANDIYONGSHUILONGJIANGHUOSHIKONGZHIZHU,BURANGHUOSHIMANYANDAOQITADIFANG。ERYIZHEHUODEQUYUJIUZHINENGRANGTASHAOGUANGLE。

第二点不同:火势

光伏电站着火与其它火灾第二点不同之处在于,它可能不是由外在火源引起的,而是自身运营过程导致。由于光伏产品的材料尽管阻燃等级较低,但毕竟不是易燃物,没有外在火源时有的时候火势并不是很大,而且范围有限。而正是这样,会让很多人误以为凭借自己的能力就足以灭火,而最习惯的灭火方法就是用水。这恰恰是比光伏电站火灾更大的风险。

3.

GUANGFUXIAOFANGYIJINGWUCHUBUZAI

SUIZHEGUANGFUDEPUJI,RENMENDUIGUANGFUDECUNZAIYIJINGBUZAIHAOQI,GENGDUORENZAIGUANXINZIJISHIFOUYENENGYONGYOUYITAOGUANGFUFADIANSHESHI,BINGWEIZIJIDAILAIXIAOYI。YINCI,XIANZAIDEGUANGFUSHESHI,KEYISHUOSHISUICHUKEJIAN。

ERZAIJISHUCHENGSHUZHIQIANDEPUJI,BIRANHUIYOUXINGYEKUAISUKUOZHANGDAILAIDEZHILIANGFENGXIAN,YEZHUMANGMUTOUZIDAILAIDEXINGJIABIFENGXIAN,FEIZHUANYEANZHUANGYUNWEIDAILAIDEXITONGFENGXIAN,DENGDENG。

华夏棋牌YINCIDANGQUANQIUHUYONGGUANGFUHEGONGSHANGYEGUANGFUPUJIZHISHI,GUANGFUXIAOFANGYIJINGWUCHUBUZAI。

4.

GUANGFUXIAOFANGDEJIBENYUANZEJIANYI

GUANGFUDIANCHIBANXUYAOXIAOFANGRENYUANCAIQUYIXIEEWAIDEYUFANGCUOSHI。

a. 尽可能做到断电隔离

华夏棋牌DUANDIANGELIZUIZHUYAODEYUANYINJIUSHIZHEIXIEGUANGFUZUJIANXITONGZHONGDEGAODIANYA。ZUJIANBENSHENKENENGSHIWANQUANWUHAIDE,DANZUJIANNEIBUYOUDIANCHI,ZHIYAOYOUGUANG,BUZHISHIMINGMEIDEYANGGUANG,NAPASHIRUYINTIANDERUOGUANG,DIANCHIDOUZAICHANSHENGDIANLIU。ZHEIYIWEIZHEXIAOFANGYUANJIANGMAOZHEJUDADEFENGXIANKAOJINZHEIYANGDEJIANZHU,BINGXIANGTAMENPENSHUI。

(光伏组件直流拉弧试验,请用GIF图片)

YINCI,DUANDIANGELIZUIGENBENDEZUOFASHIRANGZHEIXIEZUJIANBUYAOFADIAN。DUIYUXIAOGUIMODEDIANZHAN,RUHUYONGGUANGFU,KEYIZHUNBEIYIXIENENGZUGEGUANGZHAODEFANGHUOTAN,HUOZHEBUTOUMINGDEBURANWUGAIZAIZUJIANBIAOMIAN。DANZHEIDUIYUSHAODAYIDIANDEDIANZHAN,JIUHENNANSHIXIANLE。

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华夏棋牌TAIYANGNENGDIANCHIBANDEJINJIKAIGUANTONGCHANGZAIZHUDUANLUQIHENEI,TONGGUOWULIFANGSHIDUANKAIXITONG,KERANGRENYUANANQUANJIEJIN。DANMUQIANDESHEJIGUIFAN,BINGWEIQIANGZHIYAOQIUZAIGUANGFUDIANZHANSHEJIZHONGDEZUJIANFADIANDUANJIAZHUANGDUANLUBAOHUKAIGUAN,XIANGFAN,WEILEJINKENENGJIANSHAOCHUANLIANDIANZU,CONGGUANGFUZUJIANDAOHUILIUXIANGDAONIBIANQIWANGWANGXUYAOJINKENENGJIANSHAOJIETOUHUOKAIGUAN。

华夏棋牌ZHEIGESHIHOU,ZUJIANJIGUANDUANDEYOUSHIJIUXIANXIANCHULAILE。TONGCHANGDUIYUCAIYONGWEIXINGNIBIANQIDEHUYONGGUANGFUXITONG,ZAIFASHENGHUOZAIDETONGSHIWEIXINGNIBIANQIKEYIZAIZUJIANFADIANYUANTOUSHIXIANSHUDIANXIANLUQIEDUAN。

b.谨慎靠近起火的光伏电站

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华夏棋牌-JIANZHUWUDECHENGZHONGWENTI:WUDINGTAIYANGNENGDIANCHIBANJIQIANZHUANGZHIJIAKENENGXIANGDANGZHONG,JIANZHUWUJIAZHUANGGUANGFUHOUDECHENGZHONGNENGLIJIUHUIJIANGDI,BENLAISHIJINGGUOSHEJIYUANJISUANHAINENGCHENGSHOU,DANWENTISHI,HUOZAIKENENGJINYIBUXUERUOJIANZHUWUDEJIEGOUHECHENGZHONGNENGLI。CISHIXIAOFANGYUANZAIPINGGUPASHANGWUDINGSHIFOUANQUANSHIBIXUKAOLVDAOZHEIYIDIAN,JISHIJIEGOUBENSHENKANQILAIRENGRANZUGOUJIANGU。

华夏棋牌-ZAIGUANGFUJIANZHUYITIHUADESHEJIZHONG,GUANGFUDIANCHIBANBENSHENKENENGCHENGWEIYIZHONGWUDINGJIEGOU。ZAICAIGANGWAJIEGOUDEWUDINGGUANGFU,DIANCHIBANDEGUDINGKENENGBURUPINGWUDINGGUANGFUZHIJIAJIEGOUNEIMELAOGU。RENYUANJIEJINDEGUOCHENGZHONGGENGXUYAOKAOLVJIANZHUWUJIGUANGFUXITONGDELAOGUXING,BUNENGQINGYIPANPAHUOZAIZUJIANXIAFANGXINGZOU。

华夏棋牌-PINGWUDINGSHANGZHUANGDEGUANGFUXITONGHAIKENENGYOUBANDAODEWEIXIAN。GUANGFUXITONGDEZHIJIA、XIANLAN、QIAOJIADENGKENENGDIMIAN(HUOWUDINGDIMIAN),HUOZAICHANSHENGDENONGYANHUOXUYOUYUNVERQIANGDEZHEDANGBUYIPIAOSAN,RANGRENKANBUQINGDIMIANDEXIANLANDENGGUANGFUBUJIAN。

华夏棋牌ANZHUANGDEGUANGFUZUJIANKENENGJINTIEBIAOMIAN,DANSHIJISHANGHUIYOUYIDINGDEXIANGNANQINGXIEDU,BINGBUSHIPINGDE。ZAIDIANCHIBANBIANYUANHUODIANCHIBANSHANGMIANXINGZOUJIUHUIYOUHUADAO、BANDAODEFENGXIAN。HENDUOSHIHOUWEILEJINKENENGDUOANZHUANG,GUANGFUXITONGJIANLIUXIADEXINGZOUKONGJIANKENENGYOUXIAN,ZAIZHENGCHANGWEIHUYUNYINGDESHIHOUZHEIGEKONGJIANKENENGZUGOULE,DANZAIFASHENGJINJIQINGKUANGSHIZHEIGEKONGJIANKENENGHUICHENGWEIHENDADEWENTI。

【JIEYU】

华夏棋牌HULIANWANGSHANGYOUZHEIYANGYIGESHUOFA:RUGUOSHIWUDINGGUANGFUDIANZHANZHEHUO,YINWEIDUIGUANGFUDEBULEJIE,XIAOFANGYUANHUIYUANYUANDIYONGSHUIMIEHUO,ZHIDAOWANQUANSHAOGANJING。

华夏棋牌SHISHISHANG,GUANGFUHUOZAIZHIYAOCUOSHIDEDANG,HUOZAIDESUNSHISHIHENRONGYIKONGZHIZAIZUIXIAOFANWEINEIDE,CHUFEIYOUWAIBUJIQIWEIXIANDEHUOYUAN。

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华夏棋牌JULEJIE,ZHIYOUANHUISHENGCHUTAILEDIFANGBIAOZHUN《JIANZHUGUANGFUXITONGFANGHUOJISHUGUIFAN》,YAOQIUSHEJIKUAISUGUANBIZHUANGZHINENGKONGZHIDUANKAIJIANZHUGUANGFUXITONGZHILIUHEJIAOLIUDIANLU。ZAIPINGJIASHANGWANGJIJIANGDAOLAIZHIJI,ZAIGENGDAGUIMODEDIANZHANTOUZIDAOLAIZHIQIAN,GUANGFUXIAOFANGANQUANJISHU、FAGUITIXIJIANSHEBIXUWEIYUCHOUMOU。

某村级光伏电站失火烧毁

组件表面被人为或自然阴影遮挡导致热斑起火

DIANZHANHUANJINGDEKERANWUQIHUODAOZHIDIANZHANQIHUO

户用屋顶光伏起火

光伏电站着火后,需要注意哪些问题?

1.SHIYONGHUAXUEGANFENMIEHUOJI(LINSUANANYANGANFENMIEHUOJI、LINSUANANYANGANFENMIEHUOQI)BUSHIYONGPAOMOMIEHUOJIHUOSHUIDUIGUANGFUFADIANSHEBEIJINXINGMIEHUO。

华夏棋牌2.YONGHUAXUEGANFENMIEHUOQIMIEHUOSHI,DIANYAWEI10kVJIYIXIAZHEJITI、PENZUIJIDAIDIANTIDEZUIXIAOJULIBUYINGXIAOYU0.4m,DIANYAWEI35kVJIYISHANGZHEBUYINGXIAOYU0.6m。

GUANGFUDIANZHANGAOYADIANQISHEBEIHUOXIANLUFASHENGJIEDISHI,SHINEIPUJIURENYUANBUDEJINRUJUGUZHANGDIAN4mYINEI;SHIWAIPUJIURENYUANBUDEJIEJINJUGUZHANGDIAN8mYINEI,JINRUSHANGSHUFANWEISHI,BIXUCHUANJUEYUANXIE(NAIYADENGJI10KVYISHANG),JIECHUSHEBEIWAIQIAOHEGOUJIASHI,YINGDAIJUEYUANSHOUTAO。

3.如果请求消防人员支援扑救,应对消防人员做出提醒,屋顶光伏设备仍带电,暂时无法切断直流侧电源。

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友情链接: 可燃气体